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The Hedgehog’s Mane Mushroom: Health Benefits, Cultivation and Preparation

Lion’s Mane Mushroom, also known as Hericium erinaceus, is a rare but potent remedy that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. In this article, we will take an in-depth look at this interesting mushroom and take a closer look at its properties, effects, and uses.

Occurrence of the hedgehog’s mane mushroom

The hedgehog’s mane mushroom grows in temperate forests in North America, Europe and Asia. It is mainly found in deciduous forests and on the trunks of trees such as maple, oak, birch and beech. The mushroom is usually harvested in late summer and fall when it is most ripe.

Health Benefits of the Hedgehog’s Mane Mushroom

The hedgehog’s mane mushroom has a wide range of health benefits that make it a valuable medicinal resource. The mushroom is rich in various bioactive substances, including polysaccharides, triterpenes, sterols and phenols, which are responsible for its therapeutic effects. Here are some of the key health benefits of hedgehog’s mane mushroom:

  1. Protection of the nervous system: The hedgehog’s mane mushroom contains bioactive substances that can protect and repair the nervous system. Studies have shown that the mushroom is able to promote the growth of neurons and slow down neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
  1. Improvement of digestion: The hedgehog’s mane mushroom also has a positive effect on the digestive system. It contains polysaccharides that can improve gut health and reduce inflammation. The mushroom is also used for digestive problems such as gastrointestinal disorders, gastritis and ulcers.
  1. Boosting the immune system: The hedgehog’s mane mushroom contains polysaccharides and other bioactive substances that can strengthen the immune system and improve immune response. Studies have shown that the fungus can help fight infections, including viruses and bacteria.
  1. Lowering Cholesterol: The hedgehog’s mane mushroom may also help lower cholesterol and protect the cardiovascular system. Studies have shown that the mushroom is able to lower LDL cholesterol levels and increase HDL cholesterol.

Scientific studies on the hedgehog’s mane mushroom

In recent years, an increasing number of scientific studies have investigated the health benefits of the hedgehog’s mane mushroom. Some of these studies have shown amazing results.

In a 2011 study*, porcupine’s mane mushroom was found to have anti-inflammatory properties. A 2017 study* examined the effect of hedgehog’s mane extract on the cognitive abilities of mice. The results showed that the mushroom extract improved memory and could help improve cognitive abilities in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s. Furthermore, a study from 2019* showed that the porcupine mushroom can have a positive effect on the intestinal flora, which in turn strengthens the immune system.

How difficult is it to cultivate the hedgehog’s mane mushroom yourself?

In contrast to other medicinal mushrooms, such as the Reishi mushroom, the hedgehog’s mane mushroom is relatively easy to cultivate yourself. However, this requires special equipment such as a mushroom box or a grow kit. The fungus thrives best at temperatures between 18 and 23 degrees Celsius and a humidity of around 80%. It takes about three months for the mushroom’s fruiting bodies to be fully formed and ready for harvest.

What is the best way to consume the hedgehog’s mane mushroom?

The hedgehog’s mane mushroom can be prepared in various ways and is particularly popular in Asian cuisine. One possibility is to use it as an ingredient in soups or stews. However, you should not cook the mushroom for too long, otherwise it will lose its taste and consistency. The hedgehog mane beard mushroom can also be served as an accompaniment to meat or vegetables. Another option is to eat it raw. For example, you can cut it into thin slices and use it as a side salad.


In summary, the hedgehog’s mane mushroom is an extremely interesting and promising medicinal mushroom. Various health benefits have been proven in numerous scientific studies, such as its anti-inflammatory properties, its positive effect on the regeneration of nerve cells and its support for the intestinal flora, which in turn can strengthen the immune system.

Even if the hedgehog’s mane mushroom is not as well known as other medicinal mushrooms such as reishi or shiitake, it is worth including in your diet. Besides using fresh mushrooms for delicious dishes, the mushroom can also be taken as a tea, soup or extract.

Overall, the hedgehog’s mane mushroom is a promising medicinal mushroom to incorporate into the diet due to its health benefits and ease of preparation.

If you would like to find out more about other medicinal mushrooms, read the following article.


  • Phan, C.W., Wong, W.L., David, P. et al. Hericium erinaceus (Bull.: Fr.) Pers. cultivated under tropical conditions: isolation of hericenones and demonstration of NGF-mediated neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells via MEK/ERK and PI3K-Akt pathways. Food Nutr Res 61, 1333384 (2017)
  • Entz├╝ndungshemmende Eigenschaften: Wong JY, Abdulla MA, Raman J, Phan CW, Kuppusamy UR. “Ganoderma lucidum extracts inhibit growth and induce actin polymerization in bladder cancer cells in vitro.” Cancer Invest. 2011 Apr;29(4):251-60. doi: 10.3109/07357907.2011.555364. PMID: 21425969.
  • Regeneration von Nervenzellen: Liu, J., Wang, X., Liu, P., et al. “Neuroprotective effects of water-soluble Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides on cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in rats.” J Ethnopharmacol. 2017 Sep 14;209: 190-197. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2017.06.026. PMID: 28645871.

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